Scientific Investigations of Nonduality
Scientific research into the neural correlates of nondual realization can further our understanding of the nature of consciousness, and of the brain’s functioning in optimal states of wellbeing. It can demystify this aspect of human potential and help make the awakening to nonduality more accessible.
The research aims to explore the nature of nonduality through a multifaceted approach that looks both at the nature of nondual awareness, and at the ways in which it can influence cognitive, affective and somatic dimensions of our experience. Neuroimaging portions of the research are conducted at NYU and NYULMC.
Some of the questions we seek to answer are:
- What aspect of consciousness realizes nonduality?
- What are dimensions of embodied nonduality?
- What is the relationship between nonduality and authentic subjectivity?
- How does nonduality affect relationships?
For further information on research go to: http://psych.nyu.edu/josipovic/
- Josipovic Z., et al. (in preparation). Love and compassion meditation: a nondual perspective. NYAS
- Galanter, M., Josipovic, Z., Dermatis, H., Weber, J. & Millard, M.A. (2016). An initial fMRI study on neural correlates of prayer in members of Alcoholics Anonymous,The American Journal of Alcohol and Drug Abuse.
- Josipovic, Z & Baars, B.J. (2015). What can neuroscience learn from contemplative practices.Frontiers in Psychology, eBook editorial.
- Mukerji Househam, A. & Josipovic, Z. (2015). Structural changes within the hippocampal complex in long-term meditators - commentary on “Meditation effects within the hippocampal complex revealed by voxel-based morphometric and cytoarchitectonic probabilistic mapping” by Eileen Luders, et al.Front. Psychol., doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00398.
- Josipovic, Z & Blackstone, J. (2015). Called to Nonduality. In D. B. Yaden, T. D. McCall, & J. H. Ellens (Eds.),Being Called: Scientific, Secular, and Sacred Perspectives (67-81). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
- Miranda, E.R., Lloyd, D., Josipovic, Z. & Williams, D. (2014). Creative Music Neurotechnology with Symphony of Minds Listening. In E.R. Miranda & J. Castet (Eds.),Guide to Brain-Computer Music Interfacing. London, UK: Springer-Verlag.
- Josipovic, Z. (2014). Bliss and authenticity - invited commentary on target article "Meditation-induced bliss viewed as release from conditioned neural (thought) patterns that block reward signals in the brain pleasure center" by Patricia E. Sharp,Religion, Brain and Behavior 4, 3: 233-236.
- Josipovic, Z. (2013). Neural correlates of nondual awareness in meditation. In: Advances in Meditation Research: Neuroscience and Clinical Applications. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12261
- Josipovic Z (2013). Freedom of the Mind. Front. Psychol. 4:538. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00538
- Josipovic Z, Dinstein I, Weber J and Heeger DJ (2012). Influence of meditation on anti-correlated networks in the brain. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 5:183.
- Josipovic, Z. (2010). Duality and Nonduality in Meditation Research. Consciousness and Cognition, doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.03.016
- Kozhevnikov, M., Luchakova, O., Josipovic, Z., Motes, MA, (2009). The Enhancement of Visual-Spatial Processing Efficiency through Buddhist Deity Meditation. Psychological Science, 20: 5, 645-653.
- Neuroscience of nonduality, Ethos seminar, Cambridge, UK, November, 2015.
- The Unified Context of Consciousness. Talk presented at the Society for Study of Consciousness annual conference, Yale University, New Haven, CT. June, 2015.
- Are We Ready to Investigate Non-Dual Awareness? An Interdisciplinary Panel on Non-Dual Awareness. presented with James Austin, John Dunne, Eric Garland and Yoshio Nakamura, at the 2nd International Symposium for Contemplative Studies, Boston, MA. October, 2014.
- The Unified Context of Consciousness. Talk presented at the 20th Toward the Science of Consciousness Conference, Tucson, AZ. April, 2014.
- The Brain Science Behind Meditation. The Neuropsychoanalysis Foundation, New York. July, 2013.
- Finding Nonduality: Meditation in light of neuroscience and modern psychology. The New York Psychoanalytic Institute, Arnold Pfeffer Center for Neuropsychoanalysis, New York,, April, 2013.
- Finding Nonduality: Neural correlates of nondual awareness in meditation. Talk presented at the Advances in Meditation Research: Neuroscience and Clinical Applications conference. New York Academy of Sciences, New York,, January, 2013.
- The Nature of Mind: Clear Light Awareness. A discussion and panel exploring implications for scientific research into consciousness and wellbeing (organizer & moderator). Tibet House, New York, June, 2012.
- Influence of Nondual Awareness on Anti-Correlated Networks in the Brain. Poster Presented at the International Symposia for Contemplative Studies, Denver, CO. April, 2012.
- The Enlightened Brain. Talk presented at the 3rd ‘Buddhism and Science’ conference, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Aug. 2011.
- Influence of Nondual Awareness on the Brain. Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, July 2011.
- Default to Nonduality. Talk Presented at the Consciousness and Science Conference, Stockholm, Sweden. May 2011.
- Nonduality and the Brain. Harvard University MGH, May, 2011.
- Science and Nonduality. Brainwave series at Rubin Museum, New York, March 2011.
- Zen and Cognitive Science. (panelist), Columbia University, October, 2010
- Influence of Nondual Awareness on Anti-Correlated Networks. Talk Presented at the Consciousness Conference, Tucson, AZ., April, 2010.
MARGAM talks at NYU
The Metro-Area Research Group on Awareness & Meditation (MARGAM) series of talks at the New York University presents researchers discussing their current and emerging studies on contemplative practice and consciousness, and aims to facilitate dialogue and collaboration between neuroscientists, clinicians, philosophers, and scholars of contemplative practice engaged in research on meditation and related topics.
Visit MARGAM's website for more information: http://margamnyc.wordpress.com
Past presenters have included:
- Bernard Baars, PhD, The Neurosciences Institute: "Fringe Consciousness, Subtle States, and Moments of Transcendence"
- Heather Berlin, PhD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine: “The Neural Basis of the Dynamic Unconscious”
- Ned Block, PhD, NYU: “Conscious, Preconscious, and Unconscious”
- Anthony P. Bossis, PhD, NYU Medical Center-Bellevue Hospital: “Psilocybin and Mystical Experience: Implications for the Treatment of Existential and Psycho-Spiritual Distress in End-of-Life Illness”
- Judson Brewer, MD, PhD, Yale Therapeutic Neuroscience Clinic: “Please pay attention now (it may change your brain): differences in the default mode network in experienced meditators”
- Richard Brown, PhD, CUNY: “Consciousness Without First-Order Representations”
- Willoughby Britton, PhD, Brown University Medical School: “Adverse Effects and Difficult Stages of the Contemplative Path”
- Werner Doyle, MD, NYULMC: “Networks and complex systems in relation to attention and meditation”
- Stuart Hameroff, MD, Center for Consciousness Studies at UofA,Tucson: “Quantum brain vibrations – The intra-neuronal origin of consciousness”
- Wendy Hasenkamp, PhD, Mind and Life Institute: “Investigating mind wandering and attention during focused meditation”
- Britta Hölzel, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital: “Mindfulness Practice and Grey Matter”
- Pilar Jennings, PhD, Columbia University Center for Study of Science and Religion: “Buddhism and Psychoanalysis in Conversation”
- Zoran Josipovic, PhD, New York University: “Influence of Meditation on Anti-Correlated Networks in the Brain”
- Catherine Kerr, PhD, Brown University: “Starting with the body – The neuroscience of somatosensory attention in contemplative and mind-body practice”
- Hedy Kober, MA, PhD, Yale Therapeutic Neuroscience Clinic: "Craving and the Regulation of Craving"
- Hakwan Lau, PhD, UCLA: “Sensory Metacognition & Conscious Awareness”
- Joe Loizzo, MD, PhD, Nalanda Institute for Contemplative Science: “Effects of Contemplative Self-Healing on Quality of Life”
- David Loy, PhD, author of The World Is Made of Stories; Nonduality: A Study in Comparative Philosophy; and Money, Sex, War, Karma: Notes for a Buddhist Revolution: "The Question of Self: A Phenomenology of Nonduality"
- Katherine MacLean, PhD, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: “Training the Mind and Opening the Heart: Longitudinal Studies of Meditation and Psilocybin”
- Clifford Saron, PhD, Center for Mind and Brain at University of California-Davis: “The Shamata Project”
- Patricia Sharp, PhD, Bowling Green State University: “Neural Synchrony, Luminosity, and Bliss: A Very Speculative Theory for the Neural Correlates of the Buddhist Path to Enlightenment”
- Jonathan Shear, PhD, Virginia Commonwealth University: “Meditation research: Distinctions, commonalities, and collaboration”
- Neil Theise, MD, Beth Israel Medical Center of Albert Einstein College of Medicine: "A Complexity Theory Approach to Consciousness: Panpsychism on the Rise?"
- David Vago, PhD, Harvard Medical School: "Neurobiological Models of Mindfulness"
- Fadel Zeidan, Ph.D, Wake Forest University School of Medicine: “Brief Mindfulness-Based Mental Training Improves Health Outcomes: Insights from the Brain”